Archaeology

Brian F. Smith & Associates (BFSA) offers archaeological consulting services in support of both public and private properties. BFSA archaeologists supply services needed to comply with local guidelines, state environmental laws, and federal regulations. The majority of projects completed by BFSA staff are focused upon California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) compliance and Environmental Impact Reports (EIRs). In addition to archaeological surveys and cultural site sudies, BFSA employs construction monitors that are certified in archaeology, biology, and paleontology.

Archaeological services provided by BFSA include:

 


SURVEYING SERVICES

BFSA provides all types of surveys required for various projects involving, but not limited to, compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), National Register of Historic Places (National Register, NRHP), and Section 106 and 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA). Many of these survey projects entail pedestrian surveying methodologies and detailed site documentation in accordance with the California State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) handbook for recording. The survey results are then reported. If required, testing is then implemented in order to assess the potential significance of the site or sites. Subsurface testing is crucial in order to ascertain the extent and integrity of subsurface deposits.

 

ARCHAEOLOGICAL TESTING

BFSA conducts various testing programs involving methods that are often determined by the project requirements and the results of the survey portion of the project.

Excavations are the most common form of subsurface testing. Excavations are conducted to determine the subsurface extent of archaeological features and deposits. This information provides data that, once synthesized, aids the evaluation of the resources based on the site’s research potential. Archaeological testing programs follow standard professional protocols and relevant guideline requirements.

LABORATORY ANALYSIS

BFSA's Laboratory Analysis Technicians have the expertise necessary to correctly identify and interpret a wide variety of materials and artifacts. The close examination of artifacts greatly aids the evaluation process. Types of analyses that can be performed depend on the type of project as well as the types of artifacts recovered. Analyses may include, but are not limited to, Faunal, Paleontological, Historic, Prehistoric, Macrofloral, and Obsidian Hydration Dating.

 

ARCHAEOLOGICAL MONITORING SERVICES

Monitoring of grading and mechanical excavations is required when construction personel might reveal buried archaeological deposits. BFSA is one of the largest suppliers of archaeological monitors in southern California. Our monitors have participated in mass grading projects, pipeline excavations, historic structure demolitions, utility trenching, building excavations, and private residence projects. BFSA monitors routinely discover historic and prehistoric features when conducting monitoring of grading.

Brian F. Smith & Associates