© 2017 by Brian F. Smith and Associates, Inc.


    BFSA's capabilities included biological studies, archaeological surveys, Native American consultation, paleontological studies, construction monitoring, data recovery mitigation programs, air, traffic and noise studies, and historic structure assessments, surveys and evaluations for both the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) and Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA).

    We at BFSA are committed to excellence in conducting environmental studies and evaluating natural and cultural resources, assessing potential impacts, preparing appropriate mitigation measures, and professionally evaluating resources for significance. We strive to be timely and cost-effective in the completion of projects, regardless of the size or complexity of the issues. Our firm has a long record of interaction with governmental agencies at all levels, as well as experience in public hearings, which has resulted in wide recognition of the firm in the field of cultural resource management.


    Founded in 1977, company is owned and operated by Brian F. Smith. At the present time, BFSA employs more than 30 professional archaeologists, historians, biologists, paleontologists, environmental engineers, and support staff, working on projects from Montana to the Mexican Border. Clients include various Federal agencies such as the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, State agencies such as Caltrans, local public agencies, private developers and construction companies.

    • Cultural resource survey reports for California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) compliance and local agency guidelines.

    • Cultural resource significance reports and constraints analysis for CEQA compliance.

    • Conformance studies for National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) Sections 106 and 110 and evaluations for National Register eligibility.

    • Research designs for sampling and data recovery mitigation programs. Statistical analysis and computer applications.

    • Historical properties analysis, architectural review, and preservation plans.

    • Complete paleontological services, including construction monitoring.

    • Biological assessments and habitat evaluations.

    BFSA can provide a full spectrum of services regarding compliance issues for cultural resources, including studies of prehistoric sites, historic sites and buildings, historic districts, paleontological resources and biological assessments. We routinely participate in collaborative efforts to produce Environmental Impact Reports (EIRs), Environmental Impact Statements (EISs), initial studies, Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs), Memoranda of Agreement (MOAs), mitigation programs, preservation plans, and structure rehabilitation. The services we commonly provide are:

    • Field archaeological teams consisting of supervisors and trained crews, equipped with all appropriate field tools and instruments, including two- and four-wheel drive vehicles, surveying equipment, excavation screens, and radio communications.

    • Modern Global Positioning System (GPS) equipment and up-to-date software for precise, informative and visually appealing maps and graphics for site location data.

    • Knowledge of procedures and equipment necessary to complete extensive excavations at sites in any terrain, including experience in hydro-screening.

    • The expertise to conduct architectural and historical evaluations of historic structures for both CEQA and NHPA Section 106 conformance.

    • Fully functional laboratory facilities that assist in the recording and analysis of recovered artifacts and ecofacts, with the ability to curate all recovered samples. Laboratory equipment includes: electronic scales, microscopes, computers, light tables, measuring and recording equipment, photographic equipment (digital cameras, photocubes), flotation machines, wetscreening equipment, historic and prehistoric comparative collections, archival materials, and an extensive reference library.

    • Technical report production includes the use of state-of-the-art computers and software, scanners and plotters, laser printers and copiers, graphics equipment and software, and digital photography. Our production staff has over 30 years of combined experience in the word processing, editing, and graphics production preparation for technical reports, and every completed report is hand-bound to ensure the highest quality and proper care.

    CALL US: 1-858-679-8218