© 2017 by Brian F. Smith and Associates, Inc.


    Brian F. Smith & Associates Inc., (BFSA) has completed over 3,000 projects within California over the past 37 years. BFSA has conducted studies in California, Arizona, Washington, Nevada, Idaho, Texas, Montana and Wyoming. Our firm has also been contracted to work in Baja California in conjunction with INAH.

    Click on the list to the left to navigate through some of our projects, or visit www.sandiegoarchaeology.com.

    Cultural Resource Study of the 4S Ranch

    Located west of Rancho Bernardo, the 4S Ranch Project is one of the largest land development ventures in San Diego County.

    BFSA began work on the 4S Ranch in 1980, which included an intense archaeological survey of the 3,600-acre property resulting in the identification of 170 archaeological sites. Since 1980, eight additional studies have been conducted on the 4S Ranch, including a testing program to determine the significance of the 170 archaeological sites and assess the potential impacts of the proposed development of the property.

    The final survey and testing report for the 4S Ranch encompassed a ten-volume, 5,000-page document that became a technical appendix for the 4S Ranch Environmental Impact Report (EIR), which was accepted by the County in 1998. As part of the 4S Ranch archaeological program, a master Cultural Resource Management Plan (CRMP) was developed in concert with the County and in compliance with CEQA. The CRMP was designed for the management of all of the cultural resources within the ranch property, and over 80 sites of various levels of importance were preserved in open space.

    For the sites of significance within the development envelope, a master research design was prepared to outline the relevant research objectives of future excavations, the range of special studies needed to complete the research, and the size of excavations for data recovery programs to achieve the mitigation of impacts. At this time, BFSA is implementing the CRMP, as 4S Ranch has been approved and development is moving forward. The data recovery program under way at the 4S Ranch is one of the largest such programs ever undertaken in San Diego County and will result in major advances in our understanding of prehistoric cultures in this area.

    Audie Murphy Ranch Project

    BFSA recently completed surveys and site evaluations for cultural resources with the Audie Murphy Ranch Project. Located south of Sun City in Riverside County, the 1,100-acre project area contained 38 prehistoric sites and five historic sites, including Audie Murphy’s ranch house. The report from this project, released on September 16, 2002, contained in-depth descriptions of the project area and the cultural resources located there, as well as a significance evaluation for each resource.

    The majority of the prehistoric sites were affiliated with the Late Prehistoric Luiseño, as determined through time-sensitive artifacts, rock art and petroglyphs. Many of the prehistoric sites were determined to be significant with the potential to contain valuable information that could contribute to our understanding of the prehistory of the area. Further work, including an archaeological data recovery program to sample significant sites, was recommended prior to development of the area.

    The mitigation monitoring program was completed in 2007. The final technical report documents the extensive cultural resources within the project, including Archaic occupation (3,000 to 5,000 years before the present), Late Prehistoric Luiseño (400 to 1,500 years before the present), and historic homesteads.

    Padres Petco Park

    BFSA was retained by the San Diego Padres to implement the mitigation monitoring program for the downtown Ballpark. During this program, hundreds of historic features and deposits were discovered and studied. The analysis of artifacts from historic features indentified several different periods of use and ethnicities between 1880 and 1940.

    The historic artifact collection from the Petco Park represents one of the largest collections of historic artifacts from the City of San Diego.

    Interstate 15 widening

    Archaeological Survey and Extended Initial Study for Cultural Resources at the Interstate 15 Widening Project in San Diego and Riverside Counties.

    This project was completed for the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans), and involved the survey of right-of-way alignments for Interstate 15 in northern San Diego County and a portion in Riverside County. Following the survey, the identified resources were subjected to testing for significance evaluations.

    The cultural resource study was conducted in compliance with the California Enviornmental Quality Act (CEQA) and Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA).

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