© 2017 by Brian F. Smith and Associates, Inc.


    Permanent staff members of Brian F. Smith & Associates hold a minimum of a bachelor’s degree, and key staff members either hold advanced degrees, memberships in the Society of Professional Archaeologists/Register of Professional Archaeologists, and/or meet the Secretary of the Interior’s requirements for qualification as archaeologists and principal investigators.

    Staff personnel have extensive experience in the fields of archaeology, history, biology, paleontology, air, traffic, and acoustics, including special emphasis in southern California prehistory, Channel Islands prehistory, underwater archaeology and marine geophysical systems, the history of California and the Desert Southwest, historic research, historic sites archaeology, Hispanic origins in the Southwest, invertebrate and vertebrate faunal analysis, invertebrate paleontology of southern California, and environmental policy/law. BFSA includes approximately 30 to 50 personnel, depending upon the demands of the work in progress.

    Key staff members are noted to the left.

    Brian F. Smith

    Owner, Principal Investigator

    Brian F. Smith has logged over 40,000 hours as Principal Investigator conducting more than 3,000 studies in California in the past 39 years. The range of projects completed by Mr. Smith include literature searches, historic research, intensive archaeological surveys, historic building surveys, site recording, archaeological site testing and excavations, preservation plan implementation, and large-scale data recovery (salvage excavation) mitigation programs.  Mr. Smith has conducted over 100 projects that involved historic and/or prehistoric site evaluations for National Register eligibility. Additionally, Mr. Smith has served as Principal Investigator for data recovery programs at sites evaluated as eligible for the National Register under Criterion D (information value). 

    Kyle M. Guerrero, BS, MBA

    BFSA Senior Cultural Resources Program Manager/Archaeologist/Historian

    Mr. Guerrero has more than 21 years of experience in the cultural resources management industry.  His duties include business and operations management of all phases of cultural resources management projects company-wide.  He manages all phases of projects: facility logistics and operations management; project interpretation, and regulatory compliance reporting; National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) site evaluations; and authoring and coauthoring of cultural resource management reports primarily for southern California but involving other states such as Arizona, Nevada, and Pennsylvania.


    Mr. Guerrero has experience in the preparation and management of environmental documentation pursuant to the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), Federal and State ESA and regulatory permitting for a variety of agencies in Southern California.  His experience also includes the preparation of environmental documentation pursuant to California Public Utilities Commission electric utility regulations and a variety of land use and planning documents including General Plans, Specific Plans and Master Plans. 

    George L. Kennedy, Ph.D

    Senior Paleontologist

    Dr. Kennedy has more than 46 years of experience in the fossil record of southern California and the Pacific Coast region of North America, including associations with the U. S. Geological Survey (Research Geologist and Paleontologist), the Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History (Curator of Cenozoic Invertebrates), San Diego State University (Adjunct Professor and Director of Paleontological Collections), and San Diego Paleontological Associates (Principal and Senior Paleontologist). His responsibilities at BFSA include overseeing the paleontological services program offered by BFSA, including supervision of field monitors, preparators and curatorial assistants; field collection; fossil identification; and preparation of CEQA-mandated paleontological monitoring and mitigation reports required by local governmental agencies. Dr. Kennedy has authored or coauthored more than 90 published papers and abstracts on marine invertebrate fossils, systematic studies on marine mollusks (particularly the Bivalvia), paleoecological and paleoclimatic reconstructions, and Quaternary dating techniques (amino acid racemization and uranium-series disequilibria) and their application to marine terrace studies and problems of Quaternary neotectonics (e.g., dating fault activity). Dr. Kennedy continues his studies with colleagues at the U. S. Geological Survey (Denver), the Department of Geological Sciences at San Diego State University, and the paleontology departments of the Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History.

    Tracy A. Stropes, MA, RPA

    Senior Project Archaeologist

    Mr. Stropes is a professional archaeologist with over 23 years of experience in cultural resource management. His experience includes over ten years in project management, report authorship, lithic analysis, laboratory management, Native American consultation, and editing for several technical reports for numerous projects throughout southern California.  Mr. Stropes has conducted cultural resource surveys, archaeological site testing and evaluations for National Register eligibility and California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) compliance, mitigation of resources through data recovery for archaeological sites, budget and report preparation, and direction of crews of all sizes for projects ranging in duration from a single day site visit to one year.  Mr. Stropes is a Registered Professional Archaeologist and on the list of archaeological consultants qualified to conduct archaeological investigations southern California.  He has served as project archaeologist for numerous projects and composed data recovery and preservation programs for sites throughout California for both CEQA and NEPA level compliance.  He has acted as teaching assistant for archaeological field classes at several sites in Orange (Cypress College), Los Angeles (Cypress College), and San Diego Counties (San Diego State University).  In addition, Mr. Stropes was employed to teach discussion sessions for introduction to cultural anthropology classes at SDSU.  Internationally, Mr. Stropes has acted as field surveyor for the Natural History Foundation of Orange County & Institucion Nacional de Antropologia y Historia surveying and relocating several sites in northern Baja California.

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